Do you want to start out as self-employed but have no idea which status you fall under? Read on, in this article we will explain it to you. 


Sole proprietorship

It all starts with choosing a legal form. Do you want to pick up jobs through YoungOnes? Then you need a sole proprietorship. 


Different statutes

In Belgium, we have different statutes for self-employed people:

  • main profession
  • secondary occupation
  • student self-employed
  • retired


Self-employed person as main profession

A self-employed person in principal occupation is any natural person who is engaged in an activity that can produce a professional income without being linked by an employment contract or civil service status and where this activity is your sole or main occupation. Let's see if you can check any of the boxes below:


  • You have no other job besides your self-employed activity;
  • Or you work less than 50% as an employee;
  • Or you work less than 50% as a civil servant outside of education;
  • Or you work less than 60% as a teacher with a permanent appointment;
  • Or you work less than 50% as a teacher without a permanent appointment.


Self-employed in a secondary occupation

You are self-employed in a secondary occupation if, in addition to your self-employed activity, you are a wage-earner or a civil servant and:


  • you still work at least half-time as a salaried employee;
  • works at least 60% of a full-time schedule as a permanent teacher or 50% as a contractual one;
  • benefit from the unemployment with company allowance system (early retirement pension) or receive unemployment benefits, or
  • receives sickness or disability benefits as a salaried employee.


Student self-employed

The conditions for applying for student self-employed status:


  • You are at least 18 and no more than 25 years old.
  • You are enrolled to attend classes regularly in a Belgian or foreign educational institution with a diploma
  • You are enrolled for at least 27 credits or at least 17 class hours per week.


Are you still in secondary education? Then you can also get student-autonomous status, from the quarter in which you turn 18, if you also meet the other conditions. 


If you are a foreign student who meets all the conditions, then you are also eligible for student self-employed status.


Retirees

Even if you are retired, you may still earn extra income. You may work without limiting your activity in the following situations:


  • You are 65 and receive either a retirement pension or a retirement and survivor's pension
  • You are under 65 and can prove that you have worked for at least 45 years on the effective date of your first retirement pension
  • You receive a transitional benefit 
  • lf you are entitled to a retirement pension at the family amount, your spouse may receive additional income, but that income is limited, depending on whether your spouse is 65 or not.


You may receive limited supplemental income in the following situations:

  • You are 65 and receive only a survivor's pension
  • You are under 65, but you cannot prove that you have worked for at least 45 years on the effective date of your first retirement pension.